Silk 2 – Generative Art
Silk 2 – Generative Art app provide users with a brush and a digital canvas so they can become an artist by creating a large number of shapes and patterns according to their imagination. You can view a recently created pattern from the gallery section to use it as a lock screen photo or wallpaper.
Silk 2 app comes up with the export option to help users export a shape from the internal storage to color the shape right at their fingertips. You can get tips and tricks about how to create a pattern to boost up your painting knowledge.
Users can remove a mistake or recent edits by using the eraser option to create the perfect pattern and upload it to their social media account to motivate their friends into becoming a painter. Silk 2 – Generative Art app also features relaxing sounds and music to go with the painting and color activity.
Amaziograph app lets you dive into the ocean of digital art in order to change the shape and patterns in a new way to significantly reduce your stress levels without having to take any medications. Users can change the type of pattern from the graph section.
You can remove all the recent edits from the canvas by using the undo feature as well as tap on the redo button to bring back deleted colors. Amaziograph – Amazing mandalas and mosaics app shows an image options menu to open a recent project or save the current image to the internal storage.
Amaziograph app enables you to change the width of the brush, the opacity of the color, and the softness of the tip from the brush settings section. Users can select a color from the available choices or make their own color by merging as many colors as they want.
Inspirit – the art of mandala app enables users to relieve the stress of office work by painting a large number of patterns and shapes according to their taste. You can combine two or more than two different colors to create a variation of colors and use the combination to color a shape.
Inspirit – Create mandala & kaleidoscope app features a round color box to select their favorite as well as can change the opacity level by moving the slider control. You add a glow effect to highlight the corners of the pattern.
Users can tap on the brush icon to change the size of the tip to cover more areas of the shape with a single tap. Inspirit – the art of mandala app helps you change the orientation of the pattern to view in a landscape or a portrait mode to take the editing experience to a whole new level.
KaleidoPaint is a painting app presented in the market by Jeff Weeks that comes up with features to help you in showing off your creative skills to your friends and family members by simply repeating designs right on their mobile phone screen.
You can select your favorite pattern from the available choices and create a new pattern on a daily basis to keep yourself engaged in creative activities. It features the saving of a color pattern to the internal storage to start editing it later right from where you left.
KaleidoPaint app lets you sort the list of available patterns on the basis of shapes and colors. Users can open a pattern in the editing mode to change the shape and the size of the pattern by simply tapping on the screen. It features a zoom-in option to view the pattern in more detail and zoom out to view all the nearby shapes.
iOrnament: draw mandala & art is an app presented in the market by science to touch that contains features to assist users in showing off their coloring skills to their family members by creating beautiful drawings by using a large number of professional drawing tools.
Users can access the design mode to change the pattern by tapping on the screen before bringing the photo to life by adding colors to it. It provides you with tutorials and complete theory to learn the art of creating beautiful patterns without any prior knowledge about painting.
iOrnament: draw mandala & art app features zoom in and zoom out options to view all the details in their photo by swiping on the screen with their fingers. You can tap on the undo button to delete any mistakes or use the redo button to restore any changes.
IORNAMENT PRO is an app developed by science-to-touch that contains features to assist you in polishing your painting and coloring skills by simply moving your fingers on the screen. The built-in guide shows complete information about a pattern at a glance.
You can create a new color by combining two or more than two colors in the color option menu. IORNAMENT PRO – Draw creative geometry art app provide users with a large number of colors and variations to fill the pattern and change the opacity by moving the slider control.
IORNAMENT PRO app features various layers of a single pattern so they can edit the pattern without having to change the color scheme or the shape. Users can write text on the screen by using a pen or a brush and change the tip size to increase or decrease the size of the text.
Pigment is one of the best coloring apps that offers a unique coloring experience right over your cell phones and tablets. It lets you enjoy coloring your desired stuff with more than 24 different pencils, brushes, and markers. The app brings a color wheel and an innovative shade control slider so that you can enjoy an unlimited number of colors.
With the help of this platform, you can also create and save your custom color palettes or choose from the curated ones. The app also allows you to import your own images, draw and paint right in the app. It enables you to choose from the massive collection of professionally-draw illustrations, including mermaids, people, and animals, etc.
Pigment app lets you share your pics with others on Facebook and other social platforms. One of the most exciting things about this drawing app is that it offers tap-to-fill and traditional coloring modes that attract the audience around the world.
You can precisely choose from an unlimited number of colors, a Pigment gallery, air print, import your own photos, adjust direction, fully support finger, and apple pencil right over this platform.Pigment is one of the best coloring apps as compared to others.
Coloring Book for Me & Mandala is an addictive art, and design app developed and published by Apalon Apps. It is one of the best apps that offers a massive collection of coloring pages with unique designs and mandalas in every shape and size. The app is specially made for users who want to release stress and feel better.
It enables you to unleash your creativity as well as the inner genius with these vibrant and harmonic coloring pages. It is a true coloring book with intricate patterns and pages with flowers, food, places, animals, and more design organized into categories.
The app magically translates the tactile pleasure of putting pencil, crayon, or brushes to coloring pages. It precisely turns your device into the perfect tool to relax and improve your drawing skills.
Coloring Book for Me and Mandala app is more than just a coloring book that also offers lots of drawing tools such as vector tools, post-editing effects, filters, and custom palettes, etc.
The app also includes core features such as a rich collection of fascinating images, color your memorable photos, more than 25 beautiful color palettes, add custom palettes, upgrade, unlock new photos and share artwork, etc.
ColorMe – Coloring Book Free is a fine tool developed and published by Do to Do Inc. The app is specially made for adults and offers all the adult coloring books. It lets everyone enjoy the pictures of animals, birds, and lots of other mandala coloring pages.
The app does not require an internet connection to start doodling and painting the mandala coloring pages. It contains more than 100 coloring pages in the theme of mandala, love, food, sea world, and lots of others.
ColorMe also allows you to create your page with the stunning sketch and share it with others on Facebook, Instagram, and lots of other social networking platforms.
It also includes core features such as add new books, multiple categories, reveals your creativity, upgrades, and a massive collection of excellent tools. ColorMe – Coloring Book Free is free to use and does not require registration. So you need to download and install it on your mobile device and start the fun right away.
ibis Paint X is an art and design app based on the concept of social drawing. It allows you to publish the drawing process so that you can share the joy of drawing with everyone. The app is available to use on Android and iOS platforms and has more than 120 million users around the world.
One of the most interesting and enjoyable things about this art and design app is that it allows you to record yourself while drawing and share it with others. Like the other similar apps, ibis Paint X app also offers a variety of painting and drawing tools, including 142 different kinds of brushes, vector tools watercolors, and various brushes parameters, etc.
The app is also best for all the beginners because it offers lots of tutorials that teach about painting and drawing. With the help of this app, you are also able to edit any photo and make it more interest. ibis Paint X app introduces a new My Gallery function that lets you enjoy your own artwork.
Calligrapher is an Art and Design app that allows you to create creative paintings and drawings by using pens, pencils, and lots of other amazing tools. The app is specially made for those who love paintings and want to become a pro painter.
The toolbar is easy to use, where all the tools are on a transparent background and don’t block up your screen. It is one of the best alternatives to Procreate and offers all the similar services with some new features.
There are settings such as color, line thickness, and transparency for each tool. Calligrapher app offers paper experience and allows you to capture your whole imagination without any limitation.
Calligrapher app also has a set of key features that make it more interesting. If you want to become a pro artist, give the app a try to enjoy whatever you want.
Tayasui Sketches is a free to use application that allows you to enjoy the sensation of drawing on paper. With a massive range of incredibly realistic brushes, pencils, and lots of other tools. With the help of this app, you can quickly draw any sketch and share it with the others.
It does not require any registration or personal information to enjoy the service. You need to download it on your mobile device to begin the journey. After completing the installation, you can access the tool and draw unlimited sketches.
Tayasui Sketches includes core features such as blending mode, brushes editor, various sizes and shapes of brushes, filling tools, felt pen, oil pastel, and watercolor, etc. Tayasui Sketches app also has the community of the world’s best artists who help each other improve their skills.
Drawing Pad is a mobile art studio for all the ages where they can precisely create their own art using photo-realistic crayons, markers, paintbrushes, stickers, roller pens, and more. It is an addictive fun app, specially designed for kids and adults who love painting and want to become a great artist.
The app includes all the major tools and features that help you to learn about painting and create a stunning sketch. There are amazing features for kids, including downloadable coloring books and additional advanced features, etc.
To enjoy the app service, you need to download it on your device. After completing the installation, you can quickly draw any photo and share it with the others. Drawing Pad app includes tools such as crayons, markers, paintbrushes, blenders, text sticker tools, pinch zoom, advanced brush, photo background import, and much more. Try it out; it is a fun, addictive app.
Paper by WeTransfer app is an immersive sketching app for capturing ideas that you encounter on a daily basis. The application has more than 25 million users around the world who found their professional creative space in the paper, handwriting notes, drafting, diagramming, sketching, and painting.
No matter what the inspiration, you can get it down on the paper. Capture your idea in stunning, 3D Journals that keep you focused and in your creative flow. Paper App offers fast and gesture-based navigation that makes it easy and natural to use paper.
The most exciting and enjoyable thing about this platform is that it provides customization options and allows you to add your setting and insert more tools. To have a more stunning experience, it enables you to get additional tools and features by subscribing to paper pro, it is an option, and you can cancel anytime. Paper by FiftyThree App also includes core features such as a massive collection of advanced tools, community, share your photos directly through the app, add additional tools, and much more. All in all, Paper is one of the best art and design apps as compared to others.
ArtFlow: Paint Draw Sketch developed and published by Artflow Studio. It is an all-in-one art and design application that allows you to convert your phone into the digital sketchbook with up to 80 paintbrushes, vector tools, and eraser, etc.
It is a fast and intuitive painting and drawing app that will unlock the full power of your imagination. ArtFlow: Paint Draw Sketch is the only app that offers all the advanced tools, and the amazing fact is that it is completely free to download and use.
The most prominent features are high-performance paint engine, up to 80 different brushes, color adjustment, layer clipping, selection and selection masks, PSD import, pressure-sensitive pet support, import images, and share it with the others, etc.
The app is also updated weekly, which adds more features and tools without any cost. With the help of this app, the artists can easily create a creative painting, drawing, and sketches. Try it out; you’ll be amazed at all the things in this exciting platform.
Sketch Club is a leading art and design app created by blackpawn.com. It not only lets you enjoy drawing and painting but also allows you to share what you create right in the app. It is available to use on Android and iOS platforms and join creative people from all over the world.
Sketch Club is specially designed for beginners who want to become a professional artist. Sketch Club offers a simple and user-friendly interface and enables you to access all the tools without any limitation easily.
The app has a massive collection of tools including brushes, blur, pixels, procedural, text, vector tools, background autosave, canvas recording, more than 64 layers and much more.
It also has a community of world’s best artist who helps each other to make their professional projects. Sketch Club also has a list of prominent features that make it better than others.
Animation Desk – Make Your Animation and Cartoons developed and published by Kdan Mobile Software. It is an addictively fun app that offers a massive collection of creative tools to create stunning animations, drawing cartoons, or light sketching.
The app provides an easy, friendly, and intuitive drawing environment so you can enjoy creating your own animated works. The best thing about this app is that it has a massive community of all the creative and professional artists.
They keep on helping each other to improve their drawing and painting skills. Like other similar apps, it also offers lots of painting tools, including pencil, fountain pen, three types of brushes, color selection palettes, and much more.
With the help of this app, you can easily edit any photo and make it enjoyable. The app features easy file management, creating files, more than four sets of the file, onion skinning, background images, unlock new tools, adjust size and opacity, and more. If you want to become a professional artist or want to improve your skills, then Animation Desk is the best app for you.
Adobe Photoshop Sketch is an Art and Design application developed and published by Adobe. It is one of the best apps like Procreate and offers all the similar tools and services with some new features that make it better than others.
The app allows you to draw with pencils, pens, markers, ink brush, and lots of other advanced things to create artwork. The application has millions of users around the world who can use it to create stunning photos.
One of the most interesting things about this application is that it allows you to add multiple images and draw layers to restock, rename, and merge. Adobe Photoshop Sketch also allows you to take advantage of other creative services such as Adobe stock.
The app brings guides and templates to create sketches right over your cell phones and tablets. Adobe Photoshop Sketch is one of the best apps for creative people to enjoy things in the way they want.
Adobe Illustrator Draw is a painting and drawing application, designed for those who want to create vector artwork with image and drawing layers. It is completely free to use app available to use on Android and iOS platforms.
With the help of this app, all the illustrators, graphics designers, or artists can create a variety of drawings, sketches, and paintings. The app offers more than five different pens tips with adjustable opacity, size, and color.
One of the most exciting and enjoyable thing about this application is that it allows you to search for and license high-res, royalty-free images from inside Draw. The app also allows you to get access to your assets, including Adobe Stock images, photos you processed in Lightroom to shapes.
Adobe Illustrator Draw also includes core features such as zoom up to 64x, insert basic shape, a massive collection of advanced tools, send editable native files, and automatic updates, etc. Adobe Illustrator Draw is a fine looing app for you if you want to become a great artist.
Gimp Paint Studio is an all-in-one painting and drawing platform that consists of multiple brushes and tools presets to speed up the editing process. It is a simple and easy to use application designed to offers a more advanced and richer painting environment.
With the help of this solution, you can easily create painting and sketches as well as edit your own images to make them more interesting. The collection of resources includes brushes, multiple settings for dynamics, palette, gradients, and patterns.
The list of new brushes contains about one hundred choices and includes variants of other brushes available in Gimp default options. The most addictive thing about this platform is that it requires less space than the average program in the section design and photography software.
Gimp Paint Studio app has a list of prominent and advanced features that make it better than others. So if you want to convey your imagination to the whole world, then grab Gimp Paint Studio app and start the journey.
FireAlpaca is a free paint and image editing tool that allows you to create and edit images from the comfort of their device. The solution is compatible with both Mac and Windows. It comes with simple tools, and controls let you draw an illustration easily.
It is specially made for those who want to create a stunning digital painting and share it with the others. As compared with others, it offers lots of new tools and services that make it better than others.
One of the most interesting and enjoyable things about this platform is that it is available to use in more than 10 different languages, including English, Chines, Spanish, and Japanese, etc.
FireAlpaca also includes core features such as clear and crisp stroke, watercolor, user-friendly interface, free to use scenario, 3D perspective, easy original brush, and comic templates, etc. If you want to create a stunning painting to edit your image then try it out, Fire Alpaca app is the best option for you.
Autodesk SketchBook is an award-winning drawing and painting application, design for creative professionals, and inspiring artists who want to capture their ideas in digital form. It has millions of users around the world and is available to use on multiple platforms, including iOS and Android.
The app offers a natural drawing experience with a clean user-interface that gets out of your way. The app carries everything you need to create beautiful digital art. It comes with more than 170 different brushes that you can customize to draw as you expect.
Autodesk Sketch Book app is designed to use the full computing power of every mobile device, especially those with the stylus and GPU. Its Rapid UI mode allows your free hands to pull up interface elements when needed for the largest possible workspace on your tablet.
Autodesk SketchBook app also includes core features such as autosave, unlimited undo, full layer support, ruler and ellipse, scan sketch, radial summery, and predictive stroke, etc. Autodesk SketchBook is one of the best drawing and painting app for everyone through which you can reveal your inner artist.
MediBang Paint is a free digital painting and comic creation application that comes loaded with lots of brushes, fonts, pre-made background, and lots of other resources. It is free to use the app and available to use on multiple platforms including, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS, iOS, and Android.
The most addictive thing about this application is that it offers a cloud saving feature which enables the user to transfer their work between multiple platforms. MediBang Paint also allows illustrators to draw anywhere they want while retaining all of the features of the desktop versions of the software.
The application includes multiple different creative tools for illustrators and all the comic artists. Some advanced tools are numerous brushes, screen tones, cloud fonts, and multiple funny creation tools, etc.
It does not require registration or other information; you need to download and install it on your mobile device and enjoy its features for free.
MediBang Paint includes core features such as add dialogue with a speech to text, work with others, use photos to draw, editing of work, draw efficiently, and create comic panels easily, etc.
MARA3D Facial Expressions is the ultimate real-time 3D application to learn about facial expressions. The app feature more than 6 emotions, pinch, zoom, and stunning face modes.It is specially designed for all the beginners and advanced artists.
As compared to Procreate application, it is a bit different app that offers all plenty of engaging tools and services. MARA3D produce easy to use elements, high-quality lots of 3D reference application that assists with drawing and sculpting.
With the help of this application, you can easily create a complete 3D model. MARA3D Facial Expressions offers core features such as a massive range of drawing and painting tools, custom brushes, add 3D models, and much more. Try it out; you’ll be amazed at all the things in this exciting platform.
Color Pal is a free to use application that allows you to find color palettes and schemes for any design project. The app is specially made for web designers who want to make their professional project more stunning.
It includes HEX, RGB, and CMYK color value that can quickly share for easy reference. It is simple and easy to use application that does not require any registration or other personal information. You just need to install it on your mobile device to start the fun.
After completing the installation, you can easily pick color schemes and other related stuff without any limitation. Color Pal is also best for designed and painters who want to get better colors. The app is available to use on the Android platform only, and you can access it anytime, anywhere.
Handy – An Artist’s Reference Tool is a powerful application that consists of a rotatable 3D lit hand with a variety of poses useful for drawing. The app is available to use on Android and iOS platforms and is specially made for those who want to create a 3D image.
It includes multiple heads that you can rotate and is great for getting the basic lighting or angle reference. Handy is one of the best tools for all the comic book artists, painters, and all the casual sketches.
To make it better, Handy – An Artist’s Reference app offers lots of painting, sketching, and drawing tools, including a variety of brushes, pencils, and much more. Just like other painting applications, it also has a list of key features that make it more interesting.
Pose Tool 3D is a breakthrough figure posting tool for the professional artists developed and published by AlienThink Inc. It is a commercial all-in-one application that allows you to create any pose quickly with an easy to use pose interface.
The app is quite simple to use, where you need to select body parts and then pose the figure. With the help of this app, you can pose the figures of both males and females.
The coolest thing about this app is that the figure use no constraints enable geometry to intersect. This allows Artists to pose from realistic to extreme poses.
In addition, the app also offers lots of printing and drawing tools for those who want to create stunning paintings or sketches. Pose Tool 3D app offers prominent features such as pose buttons, hide menu bar, reset figure to T-pose, load last saved a pose, help menu, and much more.
Auryn Ink is a commercial drawing and painting app that provides everything that a watercolorist needs to create and share stunning works of art. With the help of this application, you can easily create watercolor paintings with a touch of a finger.
The app offers lots of new services to deliver the most interesting experience. Auryn Ink app offers a massive collection of drawing tools and color pallets as well as also allows you to save custom pallets.
The app includes core features such as more than six watercolor paper type, wet, dry, and fixed layer, a gallery to save your painting, easily access all the tools and automatic updates, etc. Auryn Ink is available to use on multiple versions, and each new version offers new and advanced features.
ArtStudio developed and published by Lucky Clan, available to use on iOS and Android platforms. It is the most comprehensive, painting, sketching, and photo-editing application that is designed for professionals.
Art Studio app offers all the similar services with some new features that make it better than others. The app provides a new user interface and powerful new graphics engine to create works faster, easier, and more fun.
One of the addictive things about these platforms is that it offers an advanced drawing algorithm that is faster and simple than the previous one. Some of the key features of the app include flexible canvas size, more than 16 advanced tools, up to 450 high-quality brushes, different shapes, favorite lists, and layer masks.
Another addictive thing about this app is that it is fully customizable that allows you to add and create your custom setting. If you are looking for a painting drawing or photo editor app, then ArtStudio is specially made for you.
ArtRage is a leading bitmap graphics editor for digital painting developed by Ambient Design Ltd. The app is available to use on multiple platforms, including Microsoft Windows, Mac OS, Android, and iOS, etc. It caters to all ages and skill levels, from children to professional artists.
It offers lots of new and advanced tools that help you to create more interesting paintings. Its medium includes oil paint, acrylic, spray paint, and more, using relatively realistic physics to simulate actual painting.
Other tools include tracking, blurring, mixing, and smearing as well as lots of special effects, custom brushes, and digital editing tools. Art Rage app has millions of users around the world who can use it to enhance their skills and create professional paintings.
ArtRage app also includes core features such as support multiple languages, user-friendly interface, automatically update, guide, and customization option.
SketchBook Pro is a pixel graphics app that offers a simple user interface, intended for expressive drawing and concept sketching. It was developed by Alias Systems Corporations on May 16, 2016. The application is specially made for professionals and offers all painting and drawing tools, including pencils, markers, brushes, and all the other things to create stunning paintings.
The great thing about this platform is that it uses pressure-sensitive features of graphics tablets, computers, and smartphones to create effective traditional material.
Sketch Book Pro app offers a screenshot feature for annotation, enables one to show content during the meeting, and adds notes as the content is reviewed. SketchBook Pro comes also offers multiple customizable setting that attracts more audience around the world. SketchBook Pro is one of the best platforms for all professionals.
Procreate is the most powerful painting and sketching application specially made for creative professionals. Procreate is a commercial app and available to use on the iOS platform only. The app offers complete artists’ boxes to help you create beautiful sketches, inspiring paintings, and different types of stunning illustrations.
It offers ground-breaking canvas resolution, advanced layer systems, more than 136 brushes, and lots of other exciting things that help you to create a stunning image. It brings responsive smudge tools to blend color with any brush in your library perfectly.
Procreate app has millions of users around the world who can access it anywhere around the world. It also includes core features such as a stunning 64-bit color, advanced quick menu, import custom brushes, customizes setting, connects a keyboard, and much more. Procreate is one of the best and the most full-fledged solution for all the painting lovers.
DevRocket is a simple yet powerful Photoshop plugin that is designed to speed up iOS graphic design workflow. It is a comprehensive solution that offers some new tools and features to make your design interesting without any effort. This plugin makes it easy to layout and mockup iOS app interfaces, automating canvas creation, and more.
There is also an option that allows you to quickly save several clips that you can use in your app and even allow you to create two different layouts simultaneously. It is a commercial plugin, and you access its service anywhere around the world. The best thing about this tool is that it offers many ready-to-use templates that save time and effort.
VideoPad is a video and movie editing software that enables the editors to add visual effects, transitions, and other effects to the movies and videos. The software allows the users to create videos for DVD or any other format, and also allows them to burn or export the videos to their portable devices.
The software accepts all kinds of video formats such as VHS, DV camcorder, GoPro, webcam, and many more. Users can insert the video directly through its drag and drop tool and can apply the visual effects there. Moreover, the software allows the users to import and mix music tracks and also allows them to include audio effects in them.
VideoPad offers video editing tools such as fine-tune color, speed up or reverse video clip playback, video stabilization, or users can create lopped gif videos through it. Lastly, it is free software, and users can export videos in various formats and resolutions.
Substance printer is an agile and flexible suite that has everything that a perfect artist needs to create 3d based digital material. The software initially developed for the game and film industries to make every motion sensational and realistic. Substance printer has all the tools and controls in backup for the professional creation of 3D animations and surfacing smart materials, smart masks, integrated bakers, and state-of-the-art real-time viewpoints.
The software is exceptionally pro-efficient with realistic wear and tear and explores mask that permits vast adaptability to any shape. You can experiment with everything with a non-destructive workflow. There are multiple features to offer that are powerful paint engine, smart materials, and masks, RTX accelerated backers, state of the art rendering, export to anything, seamlessly working on the film-quality asset, and more to add. Substance painter has straightforward usage and even more comfortable if you have ever used Photoshop.
Paint Net is a freeware raster graphics editor for the Microsoft Windows platform only, created by .NET Framework. It is a simple but powerful image and photo editing application that contains almost all the major tools and services to create stunning stuff without any limitation.
With the help of this platform, you can edit photos, apply effects, and directly share it with others. The most prominent of the application includes multiple effects, crop image, filters, and different color scheme. The app brings image manipulation tools and easy to understand interface to navigate multiple images.
Paint Net app allows you to use a tabbed document interface, and the tab displays a live thumbnail of the image instead of text description. Paint Net also has lots of exciting things that make them better than others. Try it out; you’ll be amazed at all the thing in this easy to use solution.
MediBang Paint Pro is an all-in-one painting and drawing application developed by MediBang Inc. It is a pro version that comes with lots of new features and tools. It uses a cloud saving system with some advanced features that allow you to transfer their work between platforms easily.
One of the most interesting facts about this application is that it comes lots of templates, and each template is completely different from others. It has premade backgrounds that include city scenes and vehicles to cut down on user’s workloads.
MediBang Paint Pro also best for comic book professionals and offers lots of free comic fonts, characters, and colors to create a professional design.
It also includes core features such as customization options, snaps guides, uses the photo to draw pictures, adds dialogues, and much more. Do try it out, you’ll be amazed at all the things in this exciting, stunning applications.